IRS Updates 2018-2019 Per Diem Rates for Business Travel
posted Sep 28, 2018 by Leigea Landry, CPA, MST in the Global Tax Blog
Business travelers have a lot of expenses to keep track of- hotels, restaurants, taxis, etc. The IRS makes it easy for business travelers by allowing the use of “per diem” rates, which are daily allowances to compensate for lodging, meals and incidental expenses incurred on business trips. The rates are updated every year. The 2018-2019 rates take effect October 1st 2018.
Per diem explained
Since business travelers have a lot of expenses to log (hotels, meals, etc.) the IRS allows employers to pay employees per diem rates, or daily allowances to compensate for meals, lodging, and incidental expenses (includes fees and tips paid to porters, baggage carriers, hotel staff, and ship staff).
Some important details:
- Taking advantage of these per diem rates gives travelers a guideline for expenses and simplifies policy making for employers.
- The rates vary depending on where your employees travel.
- Per diem rates are not considered part of the employee’s taxable wages, as long as the employee provides an expense report and the payments do not exceed the federal per diem rate.
The new rates
The IRS establishes a yearly flat rate for certain areas with higher costs of living—known as the high-low substantiation method. Areas are considered “low cost” if they are not listed as “high cost”.
So, starting October 1st, 2018....
- The per diem rate for travel to any high-cost location is, $287 up from $284 last year.
- Travel to any other locality (low-cost) is now, $195 up from $191 last year.
- Incidental expense allowances remain at $5 per day for any location.
*The amount of the $287 high rate and $195 low rate that is treated as paid for meals is $71 for travel to any high-cost locale and $60 for travel to any other location within the continental U.S.
What areas are considered “high cost”?
It’s easy for an employee to take advantage of business travel expenses, which is why the IRS is extremely critical. While per diem rates can help cut down recordkeeping requirements and other complications associated with logging receipts and all expenses... you have to be mindful of IRS scrutiny. Employees must beware: under current tax law employee business expenses are no longer allowed as itemized deductions so the expense report provision is more important than ever. It’s best to consult your tax advisor to make sure your business and employees are complying with all the regulations listed above.