European Parliament’s Special Committee Meets to Examine EU Tax Ruling Practices
posted Apr 9, 2015 by Paul Oliveira, CPA
The European Parliament set up a special committee to investigate tax deals for international companies across the European Union (EU). Tax ruling practices in place as far back as Jan. 1, 1991, could be subject to scrutiny.
According to European Parliament, the special committee has been set up in response to the series of investigations launched by the European Commission (EC) into tax rulings that have been granted to multinationals in Luxembourg, Ireland, Belgium and the Netherlands. The news release also noted the committee will look at how the EC treats state aid and the extent to which member states are transparent about tax dealings.
The committee met for the first time February 26th to outline the group’s mandate, plan for investigation, and timeframe, and again on March 9th to discuss plans to extend the investigation further.
At their most recent meeting (March 30th in Brussels), Commissioner for Taxation Pierre Moscovici stressed that the committee’s plans are in a crucial stage right now, emphasizing that a plan of action that extends beyond the tax transparency package is vital at this point. Moscovici said that tax fairness in the EU will only be reached with a unanimous Council vote, requiring member states to start putting the rules into place.
Since June of 2013, the EC has been investigating the tax ruling practices of EU member states. The EC is in charge of ensuring that state aid complies with EU rules. State aid is defined as any advantage conferred on a selective basis to undertakings by national authorities. The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union generally prohibits state aid unless it is justified by reasons of general economic development.
The EC opened formal state aid investigations in four cases: Apple in Ireland, Starbucks in the Netherlands, and Amazon and Fiat Finance and Trade in Luxembourg. Recently, the EC reached a preliminary decision that the tax benefits Luxembourg granted to Amazon in a 2003 transfer pricing ruling constituted state aid and publicized a 23-page letter concerning its investigation.
The EC also recently announced it had opened an in-depth investigation into a Belgian tax provision that allows certain multinational groups to substantially reduce their corporate tax liability on the basis of so-called excess profit tax rulings. The Commission expressed doubt as to whether this Belgian tax provision complied with EU state aid rules.
The parliament’s special committee will not have the power to demand documents from national governments. The parliament rejected a proposal by the European Green Party to have an enquiry committee, which would have had more power to probe member state government documents.
The road to be followed
The 45 member special committee plans to:
- Look into the tax ruling practices of EU Member States, as far back as Jan. 1, 1991, though this could turn out to be impossible.
- Review how the EC treats state aid in EU Member States, including the extent to which tax rulings are transparent,
- Take objective trips to countries in question,
- Converse with/ acknowledge the brave whistleblowers who brought the information to the public, knowing the risk they were taking.
- Ascertain the negative impact of aggressive tax planning on public finances,
- Produce two reports that will include suggestions for new legislation, and
- Complete the work in six months, with possibility for renewal
The recent meeting gave members valuable insight to how these plans will be carried out. Members stressed efficiency as a main concern, making sure there is no overlapping work among members, and making sure to agree on which documents are most important for the committee to review.